Like many other northern and inner cities, Labour has treated Bradford as a rotten borough.
And the rottenness of the local political machines stinks. It is a combination of the old Labour right-wing methods of stitch-ups and corruption of the kind that T Dan Smith made infamous in the north-east of England with a cynical manipulation of clan and village bonds among many communities that hail from the Asian subcontinent. That was blown apart last week.
It will be challenged further on May 3 when Respect stands in the council elections and also campaigns hard for a directly elected mayor who will be accountable to the people as a whole, not to wheeler-dealing in smoke-filled rooms.